Sanskrit Grammar

Sanskrit Declension of masculine noun Shishya meaning a disciple

Continuing with our effort of providing Sanskrit declension of nouns, here is a next one. The word is Shishya, which means means a disciple and ends with अ. It’s a masculine noun and will follow the procedure of similar nouns given earlier. Case Singular Dual Plural I (Subject) शिष्यः शिष्यौ शिष्याः II (To, Object) शिष्यम् …

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Sanskrit Declension of masculine noun Putra (Son)

The Sanskrit word for a son is पुत्रः (Putraḥ). It is a masculine noun ending with the vowel अ. The declensions of this word are given below for the usage of various cases (Vibhakti) in different sentence formations. Case Singular Dual Plural I (Subject) पुत्रः पुत्रौ पुत्राः II (To, Object) पुत्रम् पुत्रौ पुत्रान् III (With, …

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Types of verb roots of Sanskrit in Past tense

We have studied the types of verb roots in Sanskrit in present tense form. Here are the examples of verb roots used in past tense in both Parasmaipadi and Atmanepadi forms. परस्मैपदी (भूतकालः) Singular Dual Plural 3rd person अपठत् अपठताम् अपठन् 2nd person अपठः अपठतम् अपठत 1st person अपठम् अपठाव अपठाम आत्मनेपदी (भूतकालः) Singular Dual …

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Types of verb roots in Sanskrit

There are basically three types of verb roots that are used in Sanskrit. Let me discuss all the three types. परस्मैपदी If a verb in present tense 3rd person Singular ends in ‘ति’, the verb root is called Parasmaipadi. Example would be गच्छति… आत्मनेपदी If a verb in present tense 3rd person Singular ends in …

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Declensions in Sanskrit

Through this, you can learn Sanskrit declensions of words like He/She/It and Who. I hope this will be helpful to you for your primary study of Sanskrit language. Singular Dual Plural Masculine सः (He) तौ (Those Two) ते (They) Feminine सा (She) ते (Those Two) ताः (They) Neuter तत् (It) ते (Those Two) तानि (They) …

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