Types of verb roots in Sanskrit

There are basically three types of verb roots that are used in Sanskrit. Let me discuss all the three types.

परस्मैपदी
If a verb in present tense 3rd person Singular ends in ‘ति’, the verb root is called Parasmaipadi. Example would be गच्छति…

आत्मनेपदी

If a verb in present tense 3rd person Singular ends in ‘ते’, the verb root is called Atmanepadi. Example would be वन्दते…

उभयपदी

If a verb is conjugated in both Parasmaipadi and Atmanepadi forms, the verb root is designated as Ubhayapadi. It has both the forms ending with ‘ति’ and ‘ते’. Example would be पचति/पचते…

The below examples are for present tense only.

परस्मैपदी (वर्तमानकालः)
SingularDualPlural
 3rd personगच्छतिगच्छतःगच्छन्ति
2nd personगच्छसिगच्छथःगच्छथ
1st personगच्छामिगच्छावःगच्छामः

 

आत्मनेपदी (वर्तमानकालः)
SingularDualPlural
3rd personवन्दतेवनदेतेवन्दन्ते
2nd personवन्दसेवन्देथेवन्दध्वे
1st personवन्देवन्दावहेवन्दामहे

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.