Below is the definition of Distillation process by Ancient India
Let us know about your questions, feedback or comments through the comment box.
Ancient India’s Immense Contribution For Modern Day Distillation Procedures-
Ancient Indian chemists were conducting their experiments in well-equipped chemical laboratories. They employed more than 32 pieces of apparatus for chemical and pharmaceutical investigations. They called them as “Yantra”.
Place the chemical in a vessel provided with a long tube inserted in an inclined position, which enters the interior of another vessel arranged as a receiver. The mouth of the vessel and the joint should be luted clay and cloth. Put a fire at the bottom of the vessel containing chemicals. The other vessel is in cold water. The apparatus is used for distillation.
Rasaratna Samuchchaya gives the working, usage and construction of such yantras. “Tiriyak Patana Yantra” is one of those, used for purpose of the distillation. Nagarjuna first introduced this particular device for the extraction of essence of cinnabar.
The distillation of scents, perfumes and fragrant liquids and ointments was one area where the knowledge of chemistry was applied in India, since ancient times. At those times, perfumes and fragrant ointments were of two type namely, Teertha (liquids) and Gandha (slurries or ointments)
Distillation in Ancient India-
Text source- Awakening Indians to India